Plague

Description
  • Yersinia pestis bacteria transmitted by fleas and/or exposure to tissues or body fluids from diseased animals
     
Location
  • Southwestern part of the United States
     
Cause
  • Acute disease from getting bitten by an infected flea
     
Symptoms
  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Lethargy
  • Sudden onset of fever and chills followed by swollen and painful lymph nodes in the armpits, groin and other areas two to six days following exposure
  • Could also lead to primary plague pneumonia

     
Treatment
  • Seek medical attention from a physician
     
Prevention
  • Spray skin with insect repellents
  • Treat field clothes with permethrin

     
Other Facts
  • Animal hosts include prairie dogs, rabbits, hares, carnivores and wild ungulates
  • 284 cases were reported between 1970–90, 50% of which were reported in New Mexico