Rat-Bite Fever

Description
  • Streptobacillus moniliformis bacteria found on the gums and teeth of rats
Cause
  • Fever after getting bitten by a rat or
  • By drinking milk or ingesting food contaminated by rat excrement
     
Symptoms
  • 2–10 days after exposure : abrupt onset of chills and fever, vomiting, back and joint pain, headache, muscle pain
  • 2–4 days after onset of fever : a rash on the hands and feet, joints may become swollen, red and painful
     
Treatment
  • Seek medical attention from a physician
Prevention
  • Avoid contact with rats
  • Wear protective gloves and wash hands immediately after handling rats
  • Drink pasteurized milk and water from safe sources